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Flora and Fauna

The Hór Valley: the longest (23 km) and the most beautiful valley in Hungary. It boasts interesting locations, such as the Subalyuk cave, the Oszla Regional House or the Ódor castle ruins. Having left the last Cserépfalu buildings behind, we will almost immediately find ourselves in the Hór valley. It is one of the most beautiful and interesting valleys in the southern part of the Bükk Mountains. The slopes of the Perpác hill, towering over the valley (348 m) are covered with beautiful forests, typical of calcareous soil areas, reaching all the way to the Ódor castle. The most common tree species are the Turkey oaks and other oak species, as well as limes, but the Mahaleb cherries are also typical of the area. The cooler parts of the slopes have developed grass formations of rock plants.

The valley abounds in rare plant species. In the local limestone rocks, among many common ferns, one may see the characteristic dark-green leaves with a fuzzy underside, belonging to the endemic Asplenium javorkeanum. As early as April, in the hazel-fringed elm woods one may see the small, yellow flowers of a perennial creeping plant known as the Waldsteinia geoides). Another species, typical of the woody ravines, is the Russian belladonna, with flowers similar to those of the deadly nightshade.

An interesting relic of the post-glacial warm period is the Laser trilobium.

The Hór Valley fauna is likewise very diverse. This is probably the only area, where so many Mediterranean and sub-Mediterranean species may be found. The cooler, ravine parts of the valley may already boast animals typical of the higher portions of medium mountains, as well as several Carpathian species.

Mammals inhabiting the valley are typical of the southern part of the Bükk Mountains. Especially in the winter, many animal species migrate here, particularly the mouflons, which were introduced by man. Wildcats are rarely seen, since they are solitary and wary of humans. However, hedgehogs and various small mammals, such as the common shrew, yellow-necked mouse or common dormouse are frequently seen in the area. On the borders of the village, in the so-called Hidegkút (Cold Well) from spring to autumn you can see grey cattle herds. The Hungarian breed of cattle is the real attraction: large, grey animals with an archaic appearance and enormous horns. One can see the herd by prior arrangement.

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