Educational Route Rudnica –the Błędowska Desert – Biała Przemsza


 The route was designed by the teaching staff of the University of Silesia commissioned by the Voivodeship Office in Katowice.
It starts at the end of Rudnicka Street in Klucze. From there, the route leads to the north-west to a mixed forest with a predominance of the common beech. In spring, as early as March, it is possible to see liverwort flowers, which grow in abundance in the area. Generally, spring is considered the best time to visit this part of the trail, due to good bird-watching conditions. It is possible to see blackbirds, robins, jays, magpies, tits, nuthatches and woodpeckers in the area. Amphibians include the toad and the common frog.
Further along, the route passes through typical Jura hills with rocky inselbergs. Here you can see a protected foxglove, lily of the valley, several species of ferns, orchids and Turk's cap lily. The insects are represented by numerous species of beetles.

We continue to the area burnt in the great fire in 1992.  The area is being replanted with trees such as larch, maple and pine. The Quercus robur oak and the aspen are self-sown. There are numerous mosses. The flowering plants include mullein. Sometimes a hare may be seen running through the burnt area, birds include the wagtail and the Black Redstart.
Further along, the path enters the Błędowska Desert and the pine forests overgrowing its parts. On the sands we see grasses which grow in hot and dry conditions. Plants known to grow here include sand ryegrass. Large parts of the desert have been overgrown with two alien species of willows imported here in the 1950s with: the Caspian and the sand willow (Salix arienaria). Among insects, the predatory Myrmeleontidae may be found here.
From the desert we enter the young pine forest. Among the trees may be found the protected red viburnum. In addition to frequent clumps of blueberries we come across rare plants, such as the Carlina acaulis. Edible fungi include numerous Suillus Gray and Lactarius deliciosus. The reptiles include the swift sand lizard. Many of the trees show signs of  the forging of the Great Spotted Woodpecker. The route ends in the White Przemsza, in an ash and alder forest.


The route includes 8 stops, where there are information boards, wooden benches and litter bins. The project was partially financed through participation in the"Environmental Education"  competition organised by the Regional Fund for Environmental Protection and Water Management in Kraków in 2003. The route is marked in red.

Source: http://www.gmina-klucze.pl/

Tourist attractions
  1. The Błędowska Desert – the largest one of this kind in Europe.
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